Systemic Adjuvant Therapies in the Management of Giant Cell Tumor of Bone: Current State of Understanding and Practice
Vol 3 | Issue 2 | Sep-Dec 2017 | Page 6-9 | Shekhar Kumta, Carol Lau, K C Wong.
Authors: Shekhar Kumta , Carol Lau , K C Wong .
 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,
 Department of Orthopaedics& Traumatology, The Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Shekhar Kumta,
103-E, Learning Resource Centre, Block A, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong.
GCT of bone is a locally aggressive bone-destroying tumor. The primary neoplastic tumor cell is a RANKL over expressing cell that drives osteoclast recruitment and activation, ultimately leading to bone resorption at the site of the lesion. Osteoclast driven destruction in GCT may be ameliorated with the use of drugs such as Bisphophonates, which target Osteoclasts as well as the primary neoplastic stromal cells. Denusomab, is a monoclonal antibody against RANKL and it has a dramatic effect on Osteoclasts. Adjuvant therapies have reduced recurrence rates in GCT of bone, but uncertainties remain as to the optimum dose-intensity of the drugs and the duration of treatment.
Keywords: Tumor, bone destruction, Giant Cell Tumor of Bone.
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|How to Cite this article: Kumta S, Lau C, Wong K C. Systemic Adjuvant Therapies in the Management of Giant Cell Tumor of Bone: Current State of Understanding and Practice. Journal of Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors Sep-Dec 2017;3(2): 6-9..|