Factors Predicting Massive Blood Loss in Patients Undergoing Pelvic Resection: A Tertiary Referral Center Experience from North India
Original Article | Volume 6 | Issue 1 | JBST January-April 2020 | Page 5-8 | DOI: 10.13107/jbst.2020.v06i01.006
Author: Devansh Goyal , Venkatesan Sampath Kumar , Roshan Banjara , Abdul Majeed ,
R Namith , Shah Alam Khan 
1. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Venkatesan Sampath Kumar,
Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical
Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi – 110 029, India.
Background: Pelvic resections are challenging procedures with significant risk of morbidity, especially massive blood loss. Risk factors for massive blood loss are understudied due to the rarity of such procedures.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on pelvic resections performed between January 2018 and October 2019. Intraoperative and perioperative data were collected from prospectively collected database and hospital medical records. Patients were divided into two groups– Group 1 with intraoperative blood loss <2 L and Group 2 with blood loss 2 L or more. Demographic data, tumor characteristics, surgical procedure, and perioperative outcomes were studied between the two groups. Patients in whom only soft-tissue resections were performed and those who did not have complete data were excluded from the study.
Results: Of the 27 patients identified, 2 had soft-tissue recurrence resections only and 4 had incomplete data and were excluded from the study. Of the remaining 21 patients, 8 were classified into Group 1 and 13 into Group 2. On studying the various characteristics, tumor type, tumor volume, type of pelvic resection, and duration of procedure were significantly different between the two groups. Although wound complications, 30-day mortality, and read missions were higher in Group 2, this difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Massive blood loss was more common in chondrosarcoma patients, with tumor volume more than 300 cc and the duration of procedure more than 4 h with resection involving the acetabulum and pubis (Type I/II/III and Type I/II/III/IV).
Keywords: Blood loss, Pelvic resections, Perioperative morbidity, Pelvic tumor surgery, Tumor volume.
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|How to Cite this article: Goyal D, Kumar VS, Banjara R, Majeed A, Namith R, Khan SA | Factors Predicting Massive Blood Loss in Patients Undergoing Pelvic Resection: A Tertiary Referral Center Experience from North India | Journal of Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors | January-April 2020; 6(1): 5-8.|