Desmoplastic Fibroma of the Distal Femur in a Young Man: A Rare Case Report

Original Article | Volume 6 | Issue 3 | JBST September – December 2020 | Page 2-4 | Suresh Babu, Abhishek Vaish, Raju Vaishya DOI: 10.13107/jbst.2020.v06i03.30

Author: Suresh Babu[1], Abhishek Vaish[1], Raju Vaishya[1]

[1]Department of Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement Surgery, Indrparastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, India.

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Suresh Babu,
Department of Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement Surgery, Indrparastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi – 110 076, India.

Introduction: Lytic lesions in the distal femur in a mature skeleton though a common presentation for various tumors, desmoplastic fibroma (DFB) of bone is a rare occurrence. Review of the literature shows its incidence of 0.06% to 0.3%. In the majority of reported cases, the diagnosis has been obtained on histopathological examination. Treatment varies from aggressive curettage to amputations. We describe a novel surgical technique for dealing such lesions.
Case Report: A 24-year-old male presented with swelling around with DFB the left distal femur presented with pain for 4 months which progressed in severity and led to inability to bear weight. On clinical examination, he had a tender discrete swelling over the medial aspect of the left distal femur. Radiographic examination showed an eccentric lytic lesion in the metaphyseoepiphyseal region of the left distal femur. An extended curettage using phenol (10%) as adjuvant therapy was performed. The cavity was packed with bone cement and the distal femur was fixed by spanning the lytic lesion with a distal femoral locking plate. At months follow-up, he reported complete resolution of symptoms, and on examination, he had pain free and full range of motion, without any signs of recurrence.
Conclusion: An effort should be made to obtain a pre-operative histopathological diagnosis of the tumor type. In cases of equivocal findings, a diagnosis of DFB of the bone should be considered. Extended curettage, phenol ablation, and bone cement with plate augmentation offer an effective treatment modality in the treatment of DFB.
Keywords: Desmoplastic fibroma, benign bone tumors, surgery, knee, femur.

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How to Cite this article: Babu S, Vaishya A, Vaishya R | Desmoplastic Fibroma of the Distal Femur in a Young Man: A Rare Case Report. | Journal of Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors | Sep-Dec 2020; 6(3): 2-4.

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